Lifetime income illustrations are a ‘wake-up call’ for 401(k) savers
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You could be in for a nasty surprise when you open your next 401(k) statement.
These statements usually arrive quarterly, either online or by mail. They provide basic information to savers about their investments and the size of their nest egg, for example.
Starting in a few weeks, notices will contain new data: the amount of monthly income a saver would get from his current nest egg in retirement.
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Called “lifetime income illustrations,” these calculations are part of an ongoing effort by policymakers to reframe how Americans think about retirement savings: as a regular check from work or Social Security, for example, instead of a lump sum.
The big picture of a lump sum can tell investors little about how their total savings will or will not adequately fund their retirement lifestyle. A nest egg of $125,000 may seem like a big enough amount for some savers, but may seem less if they realize that translates to around $500 or $600 a month, for example.
“For the majority of Americans, this will be a wake-up call,” University of Illinois law professor Richard Kaplan said of the new revelations.
But there’s good news: Many people, especially those with decades before retirement, have plenty of time to fill in the gaps.
Lifetime income estimates provide a rough guide
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Many 401(k) savers will see the disclosures for the first time on their upcoming quarterly statements, due to US Department of Labor requirements. These statements, issued by the plan administrators, will arrive in the days and weeks following June 30.
The new policy is the result of federal legislation – the Secure Act – passed in 2019.
Workers should use the estimates as a rough guide instead of gospel or as a guarantee, Kaplan said.
In technical terms, they show the approximate income you would get per month for the rest of your life if you were to purchase an annuity with your 401(k) savings at age 67.
There will be two estimates on your statement: One is for a “single life” annuity, which pays income to an individual purchaser for life. The other is for a “qualified joint and survivor annuity,” which pays income to an individual and a surviving spouse for life.
Estimates are based on your current 401(k) balance. They don’t predict, for example, how a 35-year-old’s savings will grow and how that future nest egg will translate into monthly income. As a result, their income may seem paltry at first sight.
The illustrations also do not take into account Social Security or any retirement savings outside of this 401(k) plan – meaning the estimate is likely to be at least a slight under-representation. They also assume that your full balance is fully “vested”, which may not be the case, especially for new recruits.
The estimates are likely to be more actionable for savers who have many years before retirement rather than those approaching retirement age, because the former have more time to course-correct, Kaplan said.
“Most of these measures are aimed at young people, this is a mid-term correction,” Kaplan said.
Use estimates to rewire your thinking
Perhaps the most useful aspect of the new policy is how it helps people rethink their thinking about saving, according to Philip Chao, director and chief investment officer at Experiential Wealth, based in Cabin John, Maryland. retirement.
The typical person saves money with every paycheck without thinking about a future income goal. Instead, savers should ask themselves how much of their previous salary they want to replace in retirement, Chao said.
Someone who was earning $100,000 a year before taxes may decide that $70,000 or $80,000 a year in retirement would be enough to fund their lifestyle.
Any 401(k) savings, retirement income and Social Security payments would then be aimed at replacing that amount of monthly or annual income, Chao said. This income will generally satisfy two buckets: essential expenses (like housing and food) or discretionary expenses (like vacations). Financial planners generally recommend that individuals fund these necessities with sources of guaranteed income such as Social Security, pensions, or annuities, if possible.
“I think it’s very helpful in helping people start thinking about the outcome and not focusing on the big pile of money,” Chao said of the new artwork. “It’s really about how much money do I need to provide myself with a sustainable income for life. What is that number?”
Without going through this rough budgeting exercise, Americans may be saving too much or too little without knowing it.
“We should save enough for what we need, not go wild,” Chao said. “But what is enough? If you don’t know what is enough, how do you know you have saved enough?”
Contrary to the new Department of Labor requirements, many plan administrators offer online resources that help 401(k) investors assess how their current account balance will fund their future income needs, taking into account certain assumptions about investment income and current contribution rates.
Other organizations, including AARP and the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, also offer free online retirement income calculators.
After being rudely awakened by the new 401(k) income illustrations, savers can use an online calculator to better understand their situation and adjust their contributions as needed, Chao said.
For example, investors can save 3% of their paychecks while their employer offers a dollar-for-dollar 401(k) match of up to 4% – meaning the worker is effectively leaving free money on the table. , did he declare.